With the beginning of the nineteenth century, Algeria knew a political situation characterized by changes in government structures and councils, aimed at administrative and political stability, and ensuring financial sources for renewable military and civil expenditures. local revolutions
Algeria’s history was filled with heroism, triumphs, and breaking the invaders. The period between 1508-1830 saw several attacks and European campaigns aiming to end the Algerian existence in the Mediterranean or at least weaken it; they were all met with failure faced by the resistance of Algeria, the strength of its defenses, and the will of its sultan and inhabitants. However, in 1830 Algeria was attacked by a vicious French campaign that had been implemented after a siege that lasted 3 years. The Conditions and reasons for its success have been created; France was able to impose the logic of the invasion by the force of its fire and the size of its armies, Despite the resistance and courage of the Algerian population to respond to the aggression. It was the beginning of a dark, painful chapter in the history of the Algerian nation.